Among the hilly regions of Tuscany, Chianti is one of the best known in the world for the production of grapes and wine, which together with an economy essentially tourist represents the main resource of the area.
While geographical Chianti means a hilly region culminating in Monte San Michele (893 meters above sea level) between the basin of the Arno south of Florence and that of the Ombrone north of Siena, Chianti Classico corresponds to the area of wine production that embraces a much wider area and reaches the province of Pisa, Arezzo and Pistoia.
The Chianti countryside is the result of a centuries-old process of colonization by the city's bourgeoisie, who for at least five centuries established their estates and farms in the area.
The Chianti landscape is the result of the work of human beings who over the centuries have shaped an essentially mountainous and rocky landscape.
What remains of past centuries are the numerous building artefacts such as abbeys, villas, farms and farmhouses that emerge on hillocks and today often transformed into refined hotels or farms and food and wine.